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Carbon Certification on Biofuels

Published April 2008

Report Abstract

Three EU countries (Germany, the Netherlands and the UK) are planning to tax biofuels according to their carbon footprints. The EU has picked up the idea as well (its legislation, if passed, would apply to all 27 member states) and so has the US federal government. The basic principle of carbon certification is that to qualify for tax relief or subsidy, a biofuel must
have carbon footprint 20-40% lower than the ‘reference’ petrofuel it putatively substitutes.
Fine in principle, except in practice, the governments disagree as to which fuels qualify.
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Climate Changes your Business

Climate Changes your Business, a report by KPMG detailing the risks climate change poses to the chemicals industry and other sectors. The study is a review of 50 reports about the impact of climate change on various sectors....

Reporting the Business Implications of Climate Change

A survey conducted by the Global Reporting Initiative and KPMG's Global Sustainability Services

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CO2 Emissions Reduction

Published November 2000

Report Abstract

CO2 emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels are intimately involved with economic activity and development, since 90% of the world's energy needs are derived from fossil fuels. Concern about the potential consequences of rising levels of CO2 and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is the driving force behind the Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Protocol was approved by delegates in December 1997, but has not yet been ratified because it is highly controversial.
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Chemicals from Biomass

Published November 2007

Report Abstract

This report identifies the chemicals that are produced from biomass today and compares them with those that are prepared from fossil feedstocks. Furthermore, the report examines how this source of chemicals may grow in the future. Areas where competition now or in the future is likely to occur are pointed out.
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Eco-Efficient Chemical Processes

Published September 2007

Report Abstract


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Biodegradable Polymers

Published October 2006

Report Abstract

Biodegradable polymers constitute a loosely defined family of polymers. This report includes only polymers that producers promote as fully biodegradable and that meet international standards. In 2005, the two most important commercial biodegradable polymers were polylactide (PLA) and starch-based polymers.
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Biodiesel

Published September 2008

Report Abstract

iodiesel, defined as the methyl ester of natural fatty acids produced via transesterification of fats and oils, is made mainly from renewable biological resources (vegetable or animal fats and oils) and is therefore an ecologically friendly alternative to petroleum-based diesel. Biodiesel fuel is adapted to the diesel engine and may be used in standard diesel engines. Because of its excellent solvent properties, however, fuel hoses, pipes and seals must be made resistant to biodiesel, if it is used in its pure form.
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Hydrogen

Published October 2007

Report Abstract


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Coal Gasification

Published December 2007

Report Abstract

Coal gasification is becoming industrially important worldwide to chemicals production from synthesis gas together with cogeneration of electric power; the United States and China are most important in this developing industry. PEP Report 154A, Coal Gasification (December 2006), provides screening-level technoeconomics of industrial grade syngas using the Shell Coal Gasification Process (SCGP) sized for production of 5,000 metric tons per day (MT/day) of methanol using the ICI process (412 million SCF per day syngas 2 H2: 1 CO). Report 154A discusses gasification industry developments through 2006; Report 154B updates this through 2007.
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Carbon Footprint of Biofuels & Petrofuels Report

Report Abstract

Our new Carbon Footprint of Biofuels & Petrofuels Report combines technology information derived from SRIC’s Process Economics Program with land use data to provide the first in-depth technical comparison of lifecycle CO2 emissions to account for alternative land use options.
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Greenhouse Gases Handbook

Published 2007

Report Abstract

The 2007 Greenhouse Gas Handbook presents the pertinent information for each process needed to estimate direct and indirect CO2 emissions.  It also presents figures for process emissions of CO2, methane, and N2O.  Concurrent with publication, we have released a web-based application that allows a user to enter location-specific data, e.g., electrical mix or type of fuel.  This enables the user to estimate emissions for any of the processes at any location.
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